I was born in northern Ontario but spent my childhood moving across Canada and the USA. I was home-schooled, completed my BBA at the Schulich School of Business (2014), and pursued a brief career in finance. Fortunately, methodological concerns with fundamentalist religion soon turned me to philosophy for better answers about what morality requires of us.

I completed my MA in philosophy at York University (2016) and my PhD in philosophy at the University of Arizona (2023). I initially specialised in metaethics but methodological concerns with armchair philosophy again led me to change course and pursue a doctoral minor in neuroscience. Since then, my research has aimed to explore the roles that norms like success, rationality, and functionality should play in hypothesis generation, experimental design, data analysis, and explanation throughout the cognitive sciences. Inspired by arguments in metaethics, my research also aims to show that these norms best play these roles in science if they are taken to be objectively and irreducibly normative.

Outside of academic life, I like to cook a lot of Desi food, bake a lot of vegan desserts, do road trips, hike, climb, weightlift, and go to EDM festivals. I’ve lived in Canada, USA, Singapore, and now Germany. I visit Pakistan or India about every year or two.